"Cause-Effect" can be a sentence, a paragraph, an essay or longer.
This page is about how to plan and organise a cause-effect PARAGRAPH.
Specifically, paragraph 3 of first-year essays
Use these to guide your brainstorm
For example, when you write an essay about endangered animals,
|Single Effect||Multiple Causes|
|The first reason||the Orangutan is becoming endangered||is poaching|
|The second reason||the Orangutan is becoming endangered||is fires caused by global warming|
|The third reason||the Orangutan is becoming endangered||is the spread of palm oil plantations|
For example, when you write an essay about ethical consumption
|Single cause||Multiple effects|
|The first problem||caused by Tantalum mining||is child labour|
|The second problem||caused by Tantalum mining||is the funding of armed groups who use child soldiers|
|The third problem||caused by Tantalum mining||is pollution in the area around the mines|
Download the examples and templates. Follow them carefully
|first cause -> last cause||(lack of education -> poverty -> child labour)|
|least serious -> most serious||(noise pollution -> water pollution -> child soldiers)|
|local-national-world||(child labour -> pollution -> global warming)|
This paragraph describes three problems that TOPIC can cause - 1, 2, and 3. Firstly, 1. Detail on 1. Secondly, 2. Detail on 2. Thirdly, 3. Detail on 3. In summary, TOPIC causes three issues - 1, 2, and 3 - of which the most serious is 3. However, the next paragraph examines some possible solutions.
This paragraph describes three problems that working part-time while in university can cause – lack of sleep, lack of time, and sickness. Firstly, lack of sleep. Due to the late hours, students who work do not get enough rest - this will lead to problems staying awake in class. As a result they get bad grades and their future is at risk. Secondly, since part-time work is often at the weekend, students who work have no spare time. Therefore, are not able to make friends or join clubs. Thirdly, as a result of meeting so many customers, people who work part-time catch many colds. In summary, there are several reasons not to have a part time job.
Read paragraph 3 of the "ethical consupmtion" and "endangered animal" essays in the examples folder in Dropbox.
Cause-effect is not just for your Problems paragraph
|Past Effect:||What happened when the UK banned smoking in 2012? |
What happened as a result of the 2011 Earthquake?
|Past Cause:||What made the UK ban smoking in 2012? |
What caused the Fukushima nuclear disaster?
|Future Effect:||What would happen if we banned smoking? |
What will happen if we turn the nuclear power stations back on?
|Future Cause:||How can we get the government to ban smoking? |