Arrangement - write a compare-contrast

Malc Prentice

Source: (link) (click for more animal comparisons!)

Overview

Compare contrast can be:

For sentence patterns, see write a compare-contrast sentence

This page is about structure for compare-contrast PARAGRAPHS and longer

Terms

Compare= "Same", Contrast= "Different". For example:

Invention

Venn Diagram

Arrangement

Example Outline: Same-Different essay (4 paragraphs)

  1. Introduction paragraph
    1. General Background: Basic category e.g. animals, cities
    2. Specific Background: name your animals/city
    3. If necessary write a definition sentence
    4. Importance Background: Why are you comparing these things?
    5. Thesis Statement - e.g. "This essay will first look at how X and Y are the same, and then how they are different"
  2. Body 1: All similarities
    1. Topic Sentence: "This paragraph describes the similarities between X and Y in terms of keyword1, keyword2, keyword3.
    2. "The first similarity is keyword 1" + detail
    3. "The second similarity is keyword 2" + detail
    4. "The third similarity is keyword 3" + detail
    5. Summary or Link
  3. Body 2: All differences
    1. Topic Sentence: "This paragraph describes the differences between X and Y in terms of keyword1, keyword2, keyword3.""
    2. "The first difference is..." + detail
    3. "The second difference is..." + detail
    4. "The third difference is..." + detail
    5. Summary or Link
  4. Conclusion paragraph
    1. Topic Sentence for conclusion
    2. Summary of similarities
    3. Summary of Differences
    4. Concession ("It is understandable that many prefer X because of A")
    5. Final comment ("However, because of B and C," Y DECISION/RECOMMENDATION)

Example Outline: Same-different (1 paragraph)

  1. Topic Sentence: "This paragraph outlines how X and Y have both similarities and differences"
    1. "The first similarity is..." + detail
    2. "The second similarity is..." + detail
    3. "The third similarity is..." + detail
  2. Transition: "Although there are many similarities, there are also some differences"
    1. "The first difference is..." + detail
    2. "The second difference is..." + detail
    3. "The third difference is..." + detail
  3. Summary or Link

Example Outline: Topic based essay (5 paragraphs)

  1. Introduction
    1. GB (Basic category e.g. animals, cities)
    2. SB: name your animals/cities and give VERY SHORT definition
    3. IB: Why are you comparing these things?
    4. Thesis Statement ("This essay will compare frogs with toads, in terms of three areas: appearance, behaviour, and diet.")
      1. Keyword A = one way X & Y are different
      2. Keyword B = another way X & Y are different
      3. Keyword C = a third way X & Y are different
  2. Similarities & Differences in A between X and Y
  3. Similarities & Differences in B between X and Y
  4. Similarities & Differences in C between X and Y
  5. Conclusion
    1. Topic Sentence (see below)
    2. Summary of A/B/C
    3. Concession ("It is understandable that many prefer X because of A")
    4. Final comment ("However, because of B and C," Y DECISION/RECOMMENDATION)

Thesis statements for compare-contrast

For more, learn how to write an introduction thesis statement