The last paragraph of an essay often has the pattern:
- A: Topic Sentence for Conclusion
- B: Summary of the important parts
- C: Final Comment
First two essays (endangered animals and ethical consumption)
- Copy the example in the template.
- Copy paste the topic sentence from the template. Make sure your "is/are causing/experiencing" is correct
- Copy the summaries from your problems and solutions paragraphs (NOT your description)
- The only tricky part is learning to write a final comment sentence
A) Topic Sentence for Conclusion
- The LAST sentence of your introduction becomes the FIRST sentence of your conclusion. Change it:
- Make it past tense
- Paraphrase it
- (e.g. "will outline some solutions" in intro becomes "looked at some answers" in the conclusion.
Some useful patterns
|Genre || Example Topic Sentence|
|Formal ||This essay described X (your thesis statement in different words)|
|COMPARE CONTRAST ||In summary, X and Y are different in terms of A, B and C. A is|
|ARGUMENT ||In conclusion, there are arguments both for and against X.|
|PROCESS ||In brief, there are three stages to TOPIC - these three stages are...|
|PROBLEM-SOLUTION ||This essay examined some issues caused by X and some possible solutions to those issues|
|Informal ||All in all, it seems that X |
On the whole,
In the end,
B) Summary of body paragraphs
- e.g. "In summary there are three main problems caused by X - 1, 2, and 3 - of which"
- Don't summarise description paragraphs!
- See use cohesion for alternative summary phrases
Wrap it up with a recommendation, prediction, decision or quote: write a final comment sentence
See templates and examples linked from the introductory essays
- Projects - write an essay about ethical consumption
- Projects - write an essay about endangered animals
- Other examples in shared folder