Arrangement - write a criteria-analysis

Malc Prentice

One common report you might be asked to do when you start work is a criteria-analysis

For example, when the university made GLobal Square, they had to buy hundreds of projectors.

How did they choose from the many available?

Probably, someone was asked to

1) Choose criteria (bright, cheap, reliable,)

2) Get information on many projectors

3) Narrow it down to a few

4) Write a report recommending ONE projector, with reasons.

Invention

Examples

Arrangement - Overview

There are two basic types

Arrangement for slides

12 slide pattern

  1. Title Slide
  2. Overview slide
    1. This is equivalent to your Intro paragraph
    2. SPEAK your GB, SB, IB
    3. SPEAK your thesis statement, don't write it
    4. Bullet points for your three criteria and your analysis target(s)
    5. A good figure
  3. Optional slide: Description
    1. (if you need more space for description)
    2. general topic only: definition, partition, comparison, process
  4. Criterion 1 (3 bulleted keywords and a figure)
  5. Criterion 2 (3 bulleted keywords and a figure)
  6. Criterion 3 (3 bulleted keywords and a figure)
  7. Analysis 1 (3 bulleted keywords and a figure)
  8. Analysis 2 (3 bulleted keywords and a figure)
  9. Analysis 3 (3 bulleted keywords and a figure)
  10. "Conclusion"
  11. Optional slide "Discussion questions"
  12. "References"

Arrangement for Essay

  1. Intro
    1. write an introduction paragraph background
      1. General background (e.g. Fukushima disaster)
      2. Specific background (e.g. robots to enter radioactive areas)
      3. Importance background (e.g. Can't waste time/money/lives)
    2. Any other description needed to understand topic
      1. e.g. partition, definition, comparison, process
      2. see previous essays for how to write these sentences
      3. DO NOT NAME YOUR THREE ANALYSIS ITEMS YET!
    3. write an introduction thesis statement
      1. EITHER "This essay first outlines the three most important criteria for choosing an X, then critically analyses three TOPICS in terms of those criteria."
      2. OR "This essay first outlines the three most important criteria for choosing an X, then describes and critically analyses one specific TOPIC in terms of those criteria."
  2. Description (Subheading) - OPTIONAL!
    1. If your intro has enough description, delete this section
    2. If your intro is too long, give Description it's own section
  3. Criteria (Subheading)
    1. Paragraph 1
      1. Thesis statement for section (e.g. "There are three criteria which are important to consider when choosing a robot/volunteer experience - 1, 2, and 3.")
      2. Topic sentence for paragraph ("The first criterion is")
      3. Detail on criterion (2-3 sentence Description) e.g. Why is this criterion important? (Argument) orWhat good/bad thing happens when it is/is not there? (Cause/Effect)
      4. Practical Measurement: How can it be measured? (e.g. check website, read report, search blogs) - See "Style for analysis"
    2. Paragraph 2
      1. Thesis statement for section (e.g. "There are three criteria which are important to consider when Xing - 1, 2, and 3.")
      2. Topic sentence for paragraph ("The second criterion is")
      3. Detail on criterion (2-3 sentence Description) e.g. Why is this criterion important? (Argument) or What good/bad thing happens when it is/is not there? (Cause/Effect)
      4. Practical Measurement: How can it be measured? (e.g. check website, read report, search blogs) - See "Style for analysis"
    3. Paragraph 3
      1. Thesis statement for section (e.g. "There are three criteria which are important to consider when Xing - 1, 2, and 3.")
      2. Topic sentence for paragraph ("The final criterion is")
      3. Detail on criterion (2-3 sentence Description) e.g. Why is this criterion important? (Argument) or What good/bad thing happens when it is/is not there? (Cause/Effect)
      4. Practical Measurement: How can it be measured? (e.g. check website, read report, search blogs) - See "Style for analysis"
    4. SUMMARY of criteria 1, 2, and 3 ("In summary, there are three criteria, of which the most important is KEYWORD")
    5. LINK to Section 2
      1. EITHER "The next paragraph describes and then analyses one X in using these three criteria." (Volunteer)
      2. OR "The next paragraph describes and then analyses three Xs in using these three criteria." (Robot)
  4. Analysis (Subheading)
    1. Paragraph 1 - Section Thesis statement + Analysis of 1
    2. Paragraph 2 - Analysis of 2
    3. Paragraph 3 - Analysis of 3 + Section Summary
  5. Conclusion (Subheading)
    1. Topic sentence for conclusion
      1. EITHER "This essay first outlined three criteria to keep in mind when choosing an X, then analysed one X - NAME - in terms of those criteria.)
      2. EITHER "This essay first outlined three criteria to keep in mind when choosing an X, then analysed three Xs in terms of those criteria.)
    2. Summary of criteria ( "There were three criteria - 1, 2, and 3 – of which the most important was 2.")
    3. Summary of analysis
      1. (DO NOT just repeat your summaries for each criterion - it's too long.
      2. Be interesting! (e.g. "While...")
    4. Conclusion: a recommendation
      1. EITHER yes/no recommendation (In conclusion students should not Y)
      2. OR choice "In conclusion the best X is Y" / "there is no good X")

Arrangement for Analysis - options

Above, you can see

  1. Analysis (Subheading)
    1. Paragraph 1 - Section Thesis statement + Analysis of 1
    2. Paragraph 2 - Analysis of 2
    3. Paragraph 3 - Analysis of 3 + Section Summary

There is no detail, because there are several options:

Option 1: three things, organised by thing

    1. Paragraph 1 - Analysis of 1
      1. THESIS statement for section: "This section analyses three Xs in terms of the three criteria outlined above"
      2. Topic sentence for paragraph ("The first X is 1")
      3. Quick description of thing 1 (optional)
      4. Analysis of thing 1 in terms of criterion 1
      5. Analysis of thing 1 in terms of criterion 2
      6. Analysis of thing 1 in terms of criterion 3
    2. Paragraph 2 - Analysis of 2
      1. Topic sentence for paragraph ("The second X is 2")
      2. Quick description of thing 2 (optional)
      3. Analysis of thing 2 in terms of criterion 1
      4. Analysis of thing 2 in terms of criterion 2
      5. Analysis of thing 2 in terms of criterion 3
    3. Paragraph 3 - Analysis of 3
      1. Topic sentence for paragraph ("The final X is 3")
      2. Quick description of thing 3 (optional)
      3. Analysis of thing 3 in terms of criterion 1
      4. Analysis of thing 3 in terms of criterion 2
      5. Analysis of thing 3 in terms of criterion 3

Option 2: three things, organised by criteria

    1. Paragraph 1 - Analysis of 1
      1. THESIS statement for section: "This section analyses three Xs in terms of the three criteria outlined above"
      2. Quick description of three things
      3. Topic sentence for paragraph ("The first criterion is 1")
      4. Analysis of thing 1 in terms of criterion 1
      5. Analysis of thing 2 in terms of criterion 1
      6. Analysis of thing 3 in terms of criterion 1
    2. Paragraph 2 - Analysis of 2
      1. Topic sentence for paragraph ("The second criterion is 2")
      2. Analysis of thing 1 in terms of criterion 2
      3. Analysis of thing 2 in terms of criterion 2
      4. Analysis of thing 3 in terms of criterion 2
    3. Paragraph 3 - Analysis of 3
      1. Topic sentence for paragraph ("The final criterion is 3")
      2. Analysis of thing 1 in terms of criterion 3
      3. Analysis of thing 2 in terms of criterion 3
      4. Analysis of thing 3 in terms of criterion 3

Option 3: one thing, organised by criteria

    1. Paragraph 1 - Analysis by criterion 1
      1. THESIS statement for section: "This section analyses three Xs in terms of the three criteria outlined above"
      2. Quick description of three things
      3. Topic sentence for paragraph ("The first criterion is 1")
      4. Analysis of thing 1 in terms of criterion 1
      5. More Analysis of thing 1 in terms of criterion 1
      6. More Analysis of thing 1 in terms of criterion 1
    2. Paragraph 2 - Analysis by criterion 2
      1. Topic sentence for paragraph ("The second criterion is 2")
      2. Analysis of thing 2 in terms of criterion 2
      3. More Analysis of thing 2 in terms of criterion 2
      4. More Analysis of thing 2 in terms of criterion 2
    3. Paragraph 3 - Analysis by criterion 3
      1. Topic sentence for paragraph ("The final criterion is 3")
      2. Analysis of thing 3 in terms of criterion 3
      3. More Analysis of thing 3 in terms of criterion 3
      4. More Analysis of thing 3 in terms of criterion 3

Style

Style for criteria

1) Try using some superlative adjectives

2) use recommendation lanuage

3) Try process language

Style for analysis

Analysis Keywords

Keywords for your Analysis paragraphs bend the normal rules. They are actions.

This means they should be "to" or "ing" verbs:

Analysis sentence

Three suggestions. Different paragraphs should have different patterns to avoid boring style

Option 1: three different pieces of evidence

1. One major way to measure this is to X. It was found that

2. Another way to measure this to Y. This suggested that

3. In addition, X was also checked. This showed that

4. As such (conclusion)

Option 2: three DETAILS on one piece of evidence

1. The way to measure this is to X.

2. It was found that...

3. This also suggested that...

4. Additionally, it showed that...

5. As such (conclusion)

Option 3: a process (best if you have no outcome)

1. One way to measure this is to X. However, nothing was found.

2. Another way to measure this to Y. Unfortunately, nothing ...

3. In addition, X was also checked. There was a lack of evidence...

4. As such (no conclusion)

Common Mistakes

Not a compare contrast

This is NOT like when you write a compare-contrast

criteria-analysis Compare contrast
1-3 items analysed 2 items compares
8 paragraph sectional essay
Intro+3 criterion+3 analysis+conclusion
4-5 paragraphs:
Intro-thing1-thing2-conclusion
OR
Intro-topic1-topic2-topic3-conclusion
Things being analysed not mentioned until paragraph 4 Thing being analysed mentioned in paragraph 1, and maybe topic of paragraph 2

Criteria should stand alone

I should be able to take your criteria, and use them to assess three completely different choices.

Plural is "criteria", singular "criterion"

Use hedging

Many of you analyses will not be completely certain

Try to use hedging

Description paragraph style

If you do use a description paragraph at the beginning of your analysis: