Arrangement - write a description paragraph

Malc Prentice

There are various ways to write an description. Read examples of the kind of work you are asked to do. This worksheet describes the paragraph I want you to write for this class.

Arrangement

Follow this pattern

    1. write a paragraph topic sentence
    2. Definition OR Partition (not both)
      1. write a definition sentence
      2. write a partition sentence
    3. Comparison OR Time Order (not both)
      1. write a compare-contrast sentence
      2. write a time-order sentence
    4. write a detail sentence
      1. unrelated to "problems" is OK
      2. just an interesting fact is OK
    5. write a detail sentence
      1. related to the topic. Give a number.
      2. e.g. how many of endangered animal left
      3. e.g. how many tonnes of unethical product is produced
    6. write a paragraph summary-link. Link only!

Examples

For your first two essays, just follow these templates. Fill the blanks:

For "Ethical Consumption"

This paragraph describes TOPIC in detail. TOPIC is a CATEGORY which UNIQUE FEATURE. There are three kinds of TOPIC - A, B, and C - of which B is the most ADJECTIVE, and is the topic of this essay. TOPIC is similar to SIMILAR THING WE KNOW BETTER in that it is X, however unlike SIMILAR THING, it is Y. In order to make TOPIC, first X, then Y, and finally Z. A sentence with more detail. A sentence with more detail. A sentence with more detail. The next paragraph looks at some problems production of X can cause.

This paragraph describes tea in detail. Tea is a kind of drink, made from the leaves of the Camellia Sinensis plant, mostly grown in China and India ("Tea," n.d.). There are five kinds of tea - White, Yellow, Green, Black and Oolong - of which black tea is the most problematic, and is the topic of this essay ("Tea," n.d.). Black tea and green tea are similar in that they both contain caffeine in equal amounts, but while green tea made with water at 75-80 degrees, black tea is made with water at 100 degrees and can be drunk with sugar and milk ("How to make," n.d.). To make black tea, first green leaves are grown on mountainous hillsides, then when ready the leaves are picked, and finally fermented in large sheds and dried ("Tea," n.d.). Of these stages, it is the growing and picking that are problematic for people and the environment ("Problems," n.d.). The next paragraph looks at three problems production of tea can cause.

This paragraph describes chocolate in detail. Chocolate is a kind of sweet food which is made from cocoa beans (Bensen, 2008). There are three main kinds of chocolate - milk, dark and white (FDA, 1993) - of which the most popular, and the topic of this essay, is milk. Milk chocolate is similar to the other two in that it uses cacao, however it contains more milk than dark chocolate, and unlike white chocolate it contains cocoa solids ("Differences," n.d.). In order to make milk chocolate, first cocoa beans are roasted to produce cacao, then it is mixed with various amounts of milk, and finally it is coated in insects ("Cacao," n.d.). In Japan, around 325 kg of chocolate is consumed per person per day, with more at certain times of year ("Valentine's day," n.d.). The most popular chocolate in Japan is the wasabi flavoured Kit-Kat - students buy this at exam time because "Kit-Kat" is similar to the sound a pencil makes when you break it in half on realising you cannot answer any of the questions ("Chocolate attack," n.d.). The next paragraph describes three problems production of chocolate can cause.

For "Endangered Animals"

This paragraph describes TOPICs in detail. TOPICs are CATEGORY which UNIQUE FEATURE. There are three kinds of TOPICs - A, B, and C - of which the most ADJECTIVE, and the topic of this essay, is B. This species is similar to SIMILAR THING WE KNOW BETTER in that it is X, however unlike SIMILAR THING, it is Y. X was first discovered in Y ...then...in 1956 it became....After that...until at last in 2015 it.... A sentence with more detail. A sentence with more detail. The next paragraph looks at some problems which X are facing.

This paragraph describes Bengal Tigers in detail. The Tiger is a kind of big cat - it is the largest of these, famous for its striped coat ("Tiger," n.d.). There are six kinds of tiger - Bengal, Siberian, Sumatran, Malayan, Indochinese, and South Chinese - of which the most endangered, and the topic of this essay, is the Siberian. This species is similar to the more famous Bengal in that it has he same striped coat and approximate size ("Siberian Tiger," n.d.). However, they live in much colder weather, and hunt mostly students who do not do their homework, whereas the Bengal eats mostly natto ("Tiger," n.d.). TIME ORDER SKIPPED BECAUSE IT WOULD REPEAT INFORMATION GIVEN LATER IN "PROBLEMS". The Siberian Tiger enjoys playing tennis in summer, even though it has no thumbs ("Wimbledon success," n.d.). Additionally, most Siberian Tigers are fluent in both Russian and French ("Bonjour," n.d.). The next paragraph looks at three problems that are causing the Bengal tiger to become endangered.

Other examples

See the templates and essay examples in the shared materials folder.

Tips

1) Don't give obvious information ("Siberian Tigers are a kind of tiger that lives in Siberia")

2) Careful with "First/Firstly...Secondly...Thirdly"

3) Definition and partition don't combine well sometimes.