From Council of Europe CEFR 2018 companion version with new descriptors: (link)
CEFR Category - Interaction
CEFR Subategory - written
- Can write virtually any type of correspondence necessary in the course of his/her professional life in an appropriate tone and style.
- Can express him/herself with clarity and precision in personal correspondence, using language flexibly and effectively, including emotional, allusive and joking usage. Can, with good expression and accuracy, write formal correspondence such as letters of clarification, application, recommendation, reference, complaint, sympathy and condolence.
- Can maintain a relationship through personal correspondence using the language fluently and effectively to give detailed descriptions of experiences, pose sympathetic questions and follow up issues of mutual interest. Can in most cases understand idiomatic expressions and colloquialisms in correspondence and other written communications and use the most common ones him/herself as appropriate to the situation. Can write formal correspondence such as letters of enquiry, request, application and complaint with appropriate register, structure and conventions. Can write a forceful but polite letter of complaint, including supporting details and a statement of the desired outcome.
- Can write letters conveying degrees of emotion and highlighting the personal significance of events and experiences and commenting on the correspondent's news and views. Can use formality and conventions appropriate to the context when writing personal and professional letters and emails. Can write formal emails/letters of invitation, thanks or apology with appropriate register and conventions. Can write non-routine professional letters, using appropriate structure and conventions, provided these are restricted to matters of fact. Can obtain, by letter or e-mail, information required for a particular purpose, collate it and forward it by mail to other people
- Can write personal letters giving news and expressing thoughts about abstract or cultural topics such as music, films. Can write letters expressing different opinions and giving detailed accounts of personal feelings and experiences. Can reply to an advertisement in writing and ask for further information on items which interest him/her.
- Can write basic formal emails/letters, for example to make a complaint and request action. Can write personal letters describing experiences, feelings and events in some detail. Can write basic emails/letters of a factual nature, for example to request information or to ask for and give confirmation. Can write a basic letter of application with limited supporting details.
- Can exchange information by text message, e-mail or in short letters, responding to questions the other person had (e.g. about a new product or activity).
- Can convey personal information of a routine nature, for example in a short email or letter introducing him/herself. Can write very simple personal letters expressing thanks and apology. Can write short, simple notes, emails and text messages (e.g. to send or reply to an invitation, to confirm or change an arrangement). Can write a short text in a greetings card (e.g. for someones birthday or to wish them a Happy New Year)
- Can write messages and online postings as a series of very short sentences about hobbies and likes/dislikes, using simple words and formulaic expressions, with reference to a dictionary. Can write a short, simple postcard. Can write a short, very simple message (e.g. a text message) to friends to give them a piece of information or to ask them a question
- Can write short phrases and sentences giving basic personal information with reference to a dictionary.