CEFR - Formal discussion - for example meetings
From Council of Europe CEFR 2018 companion version with new descriptors: (link)
CEFR Category - Interaction
CEFR Subategory - Spoken
- Can hold his/her own in formal discussion of complex issues, putting an articulate and persuasive argument, at no disadvantage to other speakers. Can advise on/handle complex, delicate or contentious issues, provided he/she has the necessary specialised knowledge. Can deal with hostile questioning confidently, hold on to his/her turn to speak and diplomatically rebut counter-arguments.
- Can easily keep up with the debate, even on abstract, complex unfamiliar topics. Can argue a formal position convincingly, responding to questions and comments and answering complex lines of counter argument fluently, spontaneously and appropriately. Can restate, evaluate and challenge contributions from other participants about matters within his/her academic or professional competence. Can make critical remarks or express disagreement diplomatically. Can follow up questions by probing for more detail and can reformulate questions if these are misunderstood
- Can keep up with an animated discussion, identifying accurately arguments supporting and opposing points of view. Can use appropriate technical terminology, when discussing his/her area of specialisation with other specialists. Can express his/her ideas and opinions with precision, present and respond to complex lines of argument convincingly.
- Can participate actively in routine and non-routine formal discussion. Can follow the discussion on matters related to his/her field; understand in detail the points given prominence by the speaker. Can contribute, account for and sustain his/her opinion, evaluate alternative proposals and make and respond to hypotheses
- Can follow much of what is said that is related to his/her field, provided interlocutors avoid very idiomatic usage and articulate clearly. Can put over a point of view clearly, but has difficulty engaging in debate.
- Can take part in routine formal discussion of familiar subjects which is conducted in clearly articulated speech in the standard form of the language and which involves the exchange of factual information, receiving instructions or the discussion of solutions to practical problems. Can follow argumentation and discussion on a familiar or predictable topic, provided the points are made in relatively simple language and/or repeated, and opportunity is given for clarification.
- Can generally follow changes of topic in formal discussion related to his/her field which is conducted slowly and clearly. Can exchange relevant information and give his/her opinion on practical problems when asked directly, provided he/she
- receives some help with formulation and can ask for repetition of key points if necessary. Can say what he/she thinks about things when addressed directly in a formal meeting, provided he/she can ask for repetition of key points if necessary
- No descriptors available; see A2
- No descriptors available; see A1