CEFR - Sociolinguistic appropriateness
From Council of Europe CEFR 2018 companion version with new descriptors: (link)
CEFR Category - Linguistic
CEFR Subategory - Competence
- Can mediate effectively and naturally between speakers of the target language and of his/her own community, taking account of sociocultural and sociolinguistic differences. Has a good command of idiomatic expressions and colloquialisms with awareness of connotative levels of meaning. Appreciates virtually all the sociolinguistic and sociocultural implications of language used by proficient speakers of the target language and can react accordingly. Can effectively employ, both orally and in writing, a wide variety of sophisticated language to command, argue, persuade, dissuade, negotiate and counsel.
- Can recognise a wide range of idiomatic expressions and colloquialisms, appreciating register shifts; may, however, need to confirm occasional details, especially if the accent is unfamiliar. Can understand humour, irony and implicit cultural references and pick up nuances of meaning. Can follow films employing a considerable degree of slang and idiomatic usage. Can use language flexibly and effectively for social purposes, including emotional, allusive and joking usage. Can adjust his/her level of formality (register and style) to suit the social context: formal, informal or colloquial as appropriate and maintain a consistent spoken register. Can frame critical remarks or express strong disagreement diplomatically.
- Can with some effort keep up with and contribute to group discussions even when speech is fast and colloquial. Can recognise and interpret sociocultural/sociolinguistic cues and consciously modify his/her linguistic forms of expression in order to express him/herself appropriately in the situation. Can express him/herself confidently, clearly and politely in a formal or informal register, appropriate to the situation and person(s) concerned.
- Can adjust his/her expression to make some distinction between formal and informal registers but may not always do so appropriately. Can express him/herself appropriately in situations and avoid crass errors of formulation. Can sustain relationships with speakers of the target language without unintentionally amusing or irritating them or requiring them to behave other than they would with another proficient speaker.
- Can perform and respond to a wide range of language functions, using their most common exponents in a neutral register. Is aware of the salient politeness conventions and acts appropriately. Is aware of, and looks out for signs of, the most significant differences between the customs, usages, attitudes, values and beliefs prevalent in the community concerned and those of his or her own community.
- Can perform and respond to basic language functions, such as information exchange and requests and express opinions and attitudes in a simple way.
- Can socialise simply but effectively using the simplest common expressions and following basic routines. Can handle very short social exchanges, using everyday polite forms of greeting and address. Can make and respond to invitations, suggestions, apologies etc.
- Can establish basic social contact by using the simplest everyday polite forms of: greetings and farewells; introductions; saying please, thank you, sorry etc.