From Council of Europe CEFR 2018 companion version with new descriptors: (link)
CEFR Category - Pragmatic
CEFR Subategory - Competence
- Can express him/herself at length with a natural, effortless, unhesitating flow. Pauses only to reflect on precisely the right words to express his/her thoughts or to find an appropriate example or explanation.
- Can express him/herself fluently and spontaneously, almost effortlessly. Only a conceptually difficult subject can hinder a natural, smooth flow of language.
- Can communicate spontaneously, often showing remarkable fluency and ease of expression in even longer complex stretches of speech.
- Can produce stretches of language with a fairly even tempo; although he/she can be hesitant as he/she searches for patterns and expressions, there are few noticeably long pauses. Can interact with a degree of fluency and spontaneity that makes regular interaction with speakers of the target language quite possible without imposing strain on either party.
- Can express him/herself with relative ease. Despite some problems with formulation resulting in pauses and cul-de-sacs, he/she is able to keep going effectively without help.
- Can keep going comprehensibly, even though pausing for grammatical and lexical planning and repair is very evident, especially in longer stretches of free production.
- Can make him/herself understood in short contributions, even though pauses, false starts and reformulation are very evident.
- Can construct phrases on familiar topics with sufficient ease to handle short exchanges, despite very noticeable hesitation and false starts
- Can manage very short, isolated, mainly pre-packaged utterances, with much pausing to search for expressions, to articulate less familiar words, and to repair communication.
- Can manage very short, isolated, rehearsed, utterances using gesture and signalled requests for help when necessary