In the world today, seven percent of all species are in danger of going extinct (WWF, n.d.). This is a problem, because every animal that dies reduces biodiversity, which is important because without biodiversity the whole food chain might collapse and everything could die ("Biodiversity," n.d.). One of the most endangered animals is the Narwhal, which is a kind of whale that lives near the North Pole and Canada. This essay first describes the Narwhal in detail, then outlines three problems causing it to become endangered, and finally summarises and critically analyses three possible solutions to those problems.
This paragraph describes the narwhal in detail. The narwhal is a kind of whale species, which is best known for having a long horn growing from its head. The Narwhal is similar to the more famous dolphin in terms of body shape and colour, but they are slightly longer and fatter, and live in warmer waters ("WWF," n.d.). Their tusk looks like a unicorn horn, however it is actually a kind of tooth – one which only grows once, like African elephant tusks ("Basic Facts about Narwhals," n.d.). In addition, unlike whales and dolphins, narwhals also change their body color as they age. When they are young they have brown dots on a blue-white body, but when older the dots go white ("WWF," n.d.). In terms of diet, Narwhals mainly eat little shrimp and squid, although when hungry they also eat students who copy from the example essay rather than reading the template and the website as they were asked to (Prentice, 2016). There are around fifty thousand Narwhals, mostly living north of Canada and around Greenland ("National Geographic," n.d.). This number is larger than some endangered animals but Narwhals are still classified as "critically endangered", and during the last 17 years the population has decreased an average of 6 percent per year (Mads, 2004). The next paragraph looks at three problems the Narwhal is facing.
This paragraph looks at three reasons why narwhals are experiencing problems: hunting, illegal trade, and climate change. The first problem is hunting, which is done in several countries around the world, and as a result the number of narwhal has gone down ("Basic facts about narwhals," n.d.). In Greenland, people use lance for hunting, while in North Canada people use fast boats and rifles ("History of the narwhal," n.d.). Although this is normally illegal, the hunters are Inuit, and because hunting Narwhal is part of their culture, they are allowed to hunt by law ("History of the narwhal," n.d.). The second problem is illegal trade. The tusks. mainly hunted in Canada, are sold as unicorn horns, which are said to have curing abilities in Chinese herbal medicine, even though this is not true ("Narwhals: Photos Show Decline," 2004). However, the tusk value is more than $1.5 million, which means many people are willing to risk being caught ("International Narwhal Tusk Smuggling," 2014). The third problem is climate change, which is the most difficult problem to fix. Mainly it is caused by human activity such as industry, which causes smog and micro-dust, and these materials cause global warming. As a result, the North and South Pole ice caps have both been melting and this has raised the sea's level and temperature ("Narwhals Threatened," n.d.). Narwhals cannot adjust to the changes in sea temperature, and in fact, many of them have already died as a result ("National Geographic," n.d.). In summary, there are three main problems - hunting, illegal trading, and global warming - of which the most serious is global warming. However, the next paragraph suggests some possible solutions to these issues.
There are three possible solutions to the issues outlined above - banning hunting, banning trade, and solving climate change. The first solution is banning hunting, which is being attempted by some organizations such as WWF ("World Wide Fund for Nature," n.d.) and PETA ("People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals," n.d.). For example, WWF is informing each government about the risk of collapse in sea animal diversity due to whaling ("WWF," n.d.). However, this has not worked - despite the laws passed, the population of narwhal has reduced from 15,000 to about 5000 in the past 20 years and are still reducing by 500 every year ("Narwhal," n.d. a). The second solution is banning hunting for the purpose of selling narwhal tusks, which shows gradual improvements. This solution is controlled by severe restrictions by the maritime and airport police. In fact, this has worked, since illegal trade has been decreasing every year ("Narwhal," n.d. b). However, illegal trade is only one problem facing the Narwhals. The last solution is stopping climate change, which is very difficult. It might seem impossible, but there are small things people can do such as being careful with energy, and stopping using plastic bags. This kind of movement is currently spreading around the world, however, it has not shown any improvements so far. In fact, sea level and temperature has become higher and higher every year ("Weather," n.d.). The Narwhal cannot adjust to the rise in sea temperature, therefore, it is predicted that this animal will be extinct by 2050 ("Narwhals Threatened," 2013). In summary, there are three main solutions - banning hunting, banning trade, and solving the problem of climate change - however of these none are working.
In conclusion, this essay first described the Narwhal, then examined three issues that it is facing, and suggested some possible answers. The narwhal has three problems – illegal hunting, illegal trade, and global warming - of which the most dangerous is global warming. However, there are three solutions - banning illegal hunting, banning hunting for tusks to trade, and stopping global warming. Unfortunately, none of these solutions is fully effective. If we want to save the Narwhals, then more ideas are needed, or at least a more effective approach to them, and in particular global warming.
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