Invention - check source quality

Sometimes it is obvious that a source is not good. Sometimes it is not.

FOr st year essays, this is not so important. Just avoid bad sources (wikipedia, answers sites, etc) listed under find good sources. For dissertations, academic essays you do during study abroad, you have to be much more careful.

Basics for Academic Articles

High quality sources to look for

Academic articles can also be low quality. Carefully peer-reviewed articles/books are usually found on:

Low quality sources to avoid in academic articles

However, don't be too strict:

What is Bias?

Bias and Quality practice task

Here are five sources (journal, newspaper)

All are from a Wiki article on Fair Trade: (link)

Score them for bias (1-5) and quality (A-C)

Bias Unbiased = 5 Maybe a bit biased = 3 Totally Biased = 1
Quality High Quality = A Medium Quality = B Low Quality = C

References for practice task

Griffiths, P. (2010). Lack of rigour in defending Fairtrade: a reply to Alastair Smith. Economic Affairs, 30(2), 45-49. Retrieved from

Smith, A. (2008). Fair Trade, Diversification and Structural Change: Towards a broader theoretical framework of analysis. Oxford Development Studies 37(4), 457–478. Retrieved from

Carimentrand, A., & Ballet, J. (2010). When Fair Trade increases unfairness: The case of quinoa from Bolivia. Retrieved from

Booth, P. (2009, February 20). Don’t bully the faithful into buying Fairtrade. The Catholic Herald. Retrieved from

Hamel, I. (2006, August 3). Fairtrade Firm Accused of Foul Play. Swiss Info. Retrieved from 23/12/2009

Extra Task: Getting Onioned

When you do not read critically enough, sometimes you even believe things that are written to be funny. For example, some people shared this article with their friends thinking it was real: (link)

However, even reliable sources sometimes print jokes (April Fools)

Even real newspaper sometimes unthinkingly reprint articles that were meant as jokes:

Example 1: (link)

Example 2: (link)

Of these articles, some are jokes and some are real. Can you tell the difference? How?