Invention - use APA format in reference lists

Malc Prentice

What style are we using?

We use "APA" style in this class. Not everyone does. Other common styles are:

APA Psychology, Business, Education, Engineering
MLA Languages, Literature
Chicago History, Economics, Politics
Biology (CSE/CBE): (link)

Chemistry ACS: xhttp://pubs.acs.org/books/references.shtml
Engineering (ASCE): (link)

Law (Bluebook): (link)

Medicine (AMA): (link)


There are TWO DIFFERENT PARTS to citation style

1) A short code with the name and date

2) Your References section is at the end of your report/essay (this sheet)

Basic rules

Books

Graded Readers

Grisham, J. (2001). The client. Harlow: Pearson-Longman.

Grisham, J. (2001). The client. Oxford: OUP.

Grisham, J. (2001). The client. Oxford: MacMillan.

Normal books

Author, I. (Year). Book title with italics but no title case. City: Publishing Company.

Rowling, J. (2002). Harry Potter and the philosopher's stone. Tokyo: Kodansha.

Brown, M., & Smith, P. (2010). Book with two authors. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Book Chapters

Author, I. (Year). Chapter title no italics no title case. In A. Editor (Ed.) Title of Book in Italics with Title Case (pp. startpage-finishpage).

Brown, M., & Smith, P. (2010). Book chapter with two authors. In M. Baker (Ed.) Book of Penguin Chess (pp. 221-256). Oxford: OUP.

Common problem: naming book publishers

Problem OK Not OK
City first London: Bloomsbury. Bloomsbury: London.
CITY! Not country! Tokyo: Kodansha. Japan: Kodansha.
Space before company Tokyo: Kodansha. Tokyo:Kodansha.
Remember period Tokyo: Kodansha. Tokyo: Kodansha

Academic Articles

Journal (学術雑誌/論文誌) articles

Author, Y. (Year). Article title. Journal Name, volume(issue), page.

Brown, M., & Smith, P. (2010). How to cite an article from a journal or magazine in your reference list. Journal of Writing, 3(4), 221-256.

"Kiyou" (紀要)

These bulletins of a Japanese university department: (link)

Author, Y. (Year). Article title. University Name + Department Name + Journal Name, volume (issue), page.

Brown, M., & Smith, P. (2010). How to cite an article from a journal or magazine in your reference list. Soka University Department of English Journal of Writing, 3(4), 221-256.

Newspaper

With name

Author, I. (Year, Month day). Article title with no italics. Newspaper Name in Italics, p. page number.

Suzuki, H. (2013, September 30). Nintendo releases new Wii and no-one likes it. Japan Times, p. 2.

No name

Article title with no italics. (2013, September 30). Newspaper Name in Italics, p. page number.

Nintendo releases new Wii and no-one likes it. (2013, September 30). Japan Times, p. 2.

News Website

With name

Author, I. (year, month day). Article title. News Website Name. Retrieved from http://fakenewspaper.com

Suzuki, H. (2013, September 30). Nintendo releases new Wii and no-one likes it. BBC News Online. Retrieved from http://www.fakebbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-19664a55

Yamaguchi, M. (2014, September 25). Japan hits Russia with more sanctions over Ukraine. Japan Today. Retrieved from http://www.fakejapantoday.com/category/politics/view/japan-hits-russia-with-more-sanctions-over-ukraine

No name

Article title. (year, month day). News Website Name. Retrieved from http://newswebsite.com

Nintendo releases new Wii and no-one likes it. (2013, September 30). BBC News Online. Retrieved from http://www.fakebbc.co.uk/news/entertainment-arts-19664a55

Japan hits Russia with more sanctions over Ukraine. (2014, September 25). Japan Today. Retrieved from http://www.fakejapantoday.com/category/politics/view/japan-hits-russia-with-more-sanctions-over-ukraine

Website

With name and date

Suzuki, M. (2013, April 16). Title of page never title of website. Retrieved from http://fakewebsiteaddress.com/r/3/asdf.html

With name but no date

Suzuki, M. (n.d.). Title of page never title of website. Retrieved October 8, 2013, from http://fakewebsiteaddress.com

With date but no name

Title of page never title of website. (2013, April 16). Retrieved from http://fakewebsiteaddress.com

With no name and no date

Title of page never title of website. (n.d.). Retrieved October 8, 2013, from http://fakewebsiteaddress.com

Online Video

TED Talk

Suzuki, M. (year, month). Title of the talk. TED Talks [video file]. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/link

Ornish, D. (2006, December). The world's killer diets. TED Talks [video file]. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/dean_ornish_on_the_world_s_killer_diet.html

Duckworth, A. (2013, April). The key to success? Grit. TED Talks [video file]. Retrieved from https://www.ted.com/talks/angela_lee_duckworth_the_key_to_success_grit

YouTube

TED talks is an organisation that publishes a collection of lectures only. So please give their name in italics, as if they were a newspaper. However, YouTube is a bunch of different people posting a variety of things. This means it is morelike a library. Do not cite their name.

Surname, I. (2009, April 8). Ghost caught on surveillance camera [Video file].Retrieved from http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=asdfasdfasdf

Other online video

Decide if it is a single collection (like TED) or a library (like YouTube) then copy those references.

Wikipedia, Encyclopaedias, Dictionaries

Read these, but don't cite them!

Follow the links to the original sources. Cite those!