The aim of an "RR" outline is"
- Finding a good source to read/listen to
- Reading or listening to something challengin
- Taking notes
- Presenting in pairs, groups, or to the class
- Writing good discussion questions
- Leading a discussion
- Participating in a discussion
- APA references
- Formatting office documents
1) Find the materials.
Are you doing Outline or Powerpoint RR?
"TEMPLATE for RR OUTLINE" (typed) has:
- an outline section (I, II, III, A, B, C, etc)
- a summary section
- discussion question section
"TEMPLATE for RR POWERPOINT" (slides) has
- Title slide
- Background slide
- Three slides with tips
- Discussion Question slide
- References slide
Find the EXAMPLES
2) Get ready
- Rename the file
- "Hiroko Sato - SSB - RR1"
- "Hiroki Sato - ECS - RR2"
- "Hiroki Sato - GCA - RR3"
- Get the code from your Syllabus
- Change the information inside the template.
- You will need: name, number, class, code, date, and title
- Follow the date example carefully
- use title case for your title
3) Find something to read or listen to.
- Follow the syllabus - I might requires one or more thigns to read/lisetn to.
- Take rough notes
- Focus on important Names/Numbers/Dates/Facts/Reasons/Examples
- CHeck your syllabus for the target
- A good article is something INTERESTING your partner MIGHT NOT KNOW
- not "Tokyo Sky Tree Opens" (everyone knows the story already)
- not "Daisuke Matsui transfers to Slavia Sofia" (not everyone likes football)
- Most students say they take 50-60 minutes to do this report.
1) For a news article:
Visit websites for English news articles
- Choose a site.
- Choose an interesting section on the site
- The front page is often boring: Tech/Business might be more interesting, depending on your major
- Choose an article.
- The "Simplified" category should not be used by some classes. Check your syllabus!
- Internet news (e.g. Yahoo) is often shorter and easier
- News indexes (Google, Reuters) are good for finding a topic
- Read critically
- Many newspapers are politically biased.
- Some are tightly controlled by different governments or groups.
- Try to read more than one source/side before you believe anything you read.
- APA reference for News Website is here: (link)
For an SRA Card
- B level class only.
- SRA are A4 folded cards in four boxes in the self access centre.
- Each card has an easy reading aout Science and a quiz.
- Read the card, take the quiz, and take notes.
- Take notes! Don't copy the card
- In class, I want to see you notes and your quiz as well as your RR
For a lecture
See outline a lecture
For an easy book
1) Get a book
- Non-fiction is best for RR outline. Fiction is OK for logs.
- You can borrow books from the library(1F, far right wall).
- You can read books in Space, but not borrow them.
- If you are not on campus, try ER Central: (link)
- Read the first page. It should be easy
- you should know 98% of the words without a dictionary
- if you don't, go down a level.
2) Read it
- You only need to read for 30 minutes.
- You can do your RR even if you haven't finished the book.
- Do try to finish the book later though
3) Doing an RR outline? Follow the general instructions
Finished your RR outline? Remember!
- Reading improves your English, including TOEIC score: (link)
- Check your syllabus for details - you might be able to get extra points for more reading
For a difficult reading of another kind
- Read the summary/description (if available)
- Try to guess what the author will say
- Skim the first and last paragraph
- Read the summary/abstract, if there is one.
- Read the whole thing. Option: highlight the interesting points
- Take rough notes on scrap paper
- Do you have enough notesd for a 3-4 minute presentation? If not, read again or read a second article
FOr a song
When I ask beginning first-year students with good English, particularly good pronunciation, where they learned, I usually get two answers:
- study abroad
- listened to song lyrics
So if I say "Free Topic" for RR, one option available is to use song lyrics.
However, its more than just listening to a song. You should:
- download the lyrics
- read them carefully and try to understand 100%
- listen multiple times until you can hear the words in the song
- optional: do it in karaoke!
- Lyrics Training: (link) (also handy for typing practice)
- Lyrics search: (link) (or just Google song name plus "lyrics")
4) Type up your rough notes
Use the template to get proper formatting
- NO lonely points!
- No I without II
- no 1 without 2
- no A without B
- Read this: recognise and avoid plagiarism
- Now read this: quote and paraphrase
- 99% of your notes should be summaries
- This means the notes should use your OWN WORDS, not copy-paste
- Tip: try taking notes in Japanese, then change to English later
- Don't use quotes ("") unless the EXACT words are IMPORTANT (e.g. "I have a dream")
Use Note English
Outlines should be FAST to write and FAST to read:
- No sentences!
- Important information only
- Remove unnecessary words (a, he, on, in, the, is, are)
- Look at these: which one can you write quicker? which one can you read quicker when presenting?
- "Two thirds of growth at Pepsi came from better foods"
- "two thirds growth Pepsi frm better foods"
- "2/3 growth @ Pepsi = better foods"
| = ||is/is same as/leads to|
| # ||number|
| X ||times|
| > ||more than|
| < ||less than|
| n/a ||Not applicable|
| wo ||without|
| + ||and/plus|
| ~ ||about|
| / ||or|
5)Write a one sentence summary
See write a summary sentence
6) Write three good discussion questions
Good discussion questions must start THREE DISCUSSIONS about the topic!
- No quiz questions - questions with a "right answer" do not start a good discussion.
- No overlapping questions e.g. "Do you like dogs / Do you want dogs / Do you have dogs"
- No questions with an obvious answer (e.g. *""Have you ever been to Mongolia?")
- No questions that need research to answer e.g. "How can we reduce water pollution in Bangladesh?"
- Don't ask "Do you know TOPIC" (of course they do - you just explained it
- No lazy questions (questions which work for any topic). Be SPECIFIC
- e.g. this is banned: "What do you think about this topic?"
- e.g. this is banned: "What is your image of TOPIC"
- e.g. this is banned: "How do you feel about TOPIC"
- Instead, be specific - "Do you think TOPIC is SPECIFIC QUESTION"
Use clear question patterns
See ask good questions for examples.
7) Add APA citation to summary, and complete the References section
- Subtitle is "References" - 12pt BOLD left aligned Times New Roman (just use the template)
- Remember to use APA format in reference lists
- If more than one reference, make sure they are in alphabetical order (123...abcd...z)
8) Bring it to class
- You should be able to hold your notes in one hand and read them easily.
- A4 printed sheet is easiest
- Tablet OK. Small folding laptop OK.
- Phone too small. Print it.
- Large or non-folding laptop too big. Print it.
In class, we will:
- Practice presentations
- Discuss the questions
- Check for problems in outlines, references, etc
9) Email it to Malc only if graded