Projects - write an essay about refugees and asylum seekers

Malc Prentice

Introduction

UNHCR was set up in 1951 to help the estimated 1 million people still uprooted after World War II to return home. Since then, we have helped find durable solutions for tens of millions of refugees ...the number of refugees of concern to UNHCR stood at 10.4 million refugees at the beginning of 2013, down slightly from a year earlier....half in Asia and some 28 per cent in Africa. Source: (link)

The terms asylum-seeker and refugee are often confused: an asylum-seeker is someone who says he or she is a refugee, but whose claim has not yet been definitively evaluated...Those judged through proper procedures not to be refugees, nor to be in need of any other form of international protection, can be sent back to their home countries. Source: (link)

"Internally displaced people" in a different part of their own country
"Asylum Seekers" in another country, applying for official status
"Refugees" in another country, with official status

Invention

Take handwritten notes first. Be ready to present your country next class.

1) Get some general background

Try the UNHCR website: (link)

2) Choose and research one UNHCR emergency area

Choose one of these: (link)

Do NOT choose "Mediterranean" (too many countries - makes it impossible to write section 1)

Follow the essay pattern

If the country works, start your essay outline:

Use "TEMPLATE for ESSAY OUTLINE - Sectional 7 paragraph Asylum.docx"

Arrangement

Remember this is a SECTIONAL essay with subheadings

  1. Introduction (one paragraph)
    1. No subheading
    2. General Background (e.g. a recent global number of refugees)
    3. Specific Background: NAME your country and give ONE detail (e.g. "One of the countries from which large numbers of refugees come is X, which is experiencing/due to the recent/as a result of ongoing conflict/famine/civil war" )
    4. Importance Background
    5. Thesis Statement for Essay: e.g. "Therefore this essay first gives some background on the situation in COUNTRY, then looks at the problems faced by refugees in neighbouring countries, and then those faced by people who come to Japan as asylum seekers"
  2. Section 1 (1 paragraph. If too long, split)
    1. Subheading Background (12pt bold)
    2. Topic Sentence ("This section looks at how the current crisis in COUNTRY came about.")
    3. Keyword sentence
      1. EITHER write a time-order: "There are three main stages that led to the current crisis - TIME1, TIME2, and TIME3"
      2. OR write a cause-effect: "There are three main causes of the current crisis - KEY1, KEY2, and KEY3"
    4. "The first stage was /cause is KEY1"
    5. "The second stage was /cause is KEY2"
    6. "The final stage was /cause is KEY3"
    7. Summary not recommended. Link to next section (e.g. "The next section focuses on three problems facing refugees who are internally displaced or seeking refuge in nearby countries, using the example of COUNTRY." )
  3. Section 2 (2 paragraph PROBLEM-SOLUTION)
    1. Subheading Problems faced by refugees in nearby countries (12pt bold)
    2. Paragraph 1 (Thesis statement + Problems)
      1. Thesis statement for section - ("Many refugees from ORIGIN COUNTRY flee to to other places in their country, or across the border into nearby countries. This section describes the kinds of problems faced by refugees in these areas, focusing on the example of RECEIVING COUNTRY, and some solutions being attempted there. ")
      2. Topic sentence ("There are three main problems facing refugees in COUNTRY - 1, 2, and 3. ")
        1. Problem 1 + Details e.g. "The first problem is"
        2. Problem 2 + Details e.g. "The second problem is"
        3. Problem 3 + Details e.g. "The third problem is"
        4. Summary for problems paragraph ("In summary there are three problems - 1, 2, and 3 - of which the most serious is 2.")
        5. Link to solutions paragraph ("The next paragraph...")
      3. Paragraph 2 (Solutions+Summary+Link)
        1. Topic sentence (e.g. "This paragraph describes three possible solutions to the issues outlined above")
        2. Solution 1 + Details (e.g. "The first solution is 1" )
        3. Solution 2 + Details (e.g. "The second solution is 2" )
        4. Solution 3 + Details (e.g. "The third solution is 3" )
        5. Summary of Solutions (e.g. "In summary there are three possible solutions - 1, 2, and 3 - of which only 2 is currently effective" )
        6. Summary for Section optional: ("This section looked at problems and solutions" is boring). Drop it or be creative.
        7. Link to next section (e.g. "The next section outlines issues faced by asylum seekers in developed countries, using the example of Japan" )
  4. Section 3: Asylum Seekers in Japan (2 paragraph PROBLEM-SOLUTION)
    1. Subheading Problems faced by Asylum Seekers in Japan (12pt bold)
    2. Paragraph 1 (Thesis statement + Problems)
      1. Thesis statement for Section - (e.g. "Due to the problems described in the previous section, many refugees choose to continue onwards and seek asylum in developed countries, including Japan. While at the moment, few / none /only 3 of the refugees from COUNTRY have applied for asylum in Japan, this may change. In addition, Japan is a developed country, and can offer an example of the kinds of problems asylum seekers face in such countries. Therefore, this section describes the problems faced by asylum seekers in Japan, and some solutions being attempted for those problems" )
      2. Topic Sentence ( "There are three main problems - 1, 2, and 3." )
        1. Problem 1 + Details (e.g. "The first problem is" )
        2. Problem 2 + Details (e.g. "The second problem is" )
        3. Problem 3 + Details (e.g. "The third problem is" )
        4. Summary for problems paragraph
        5. Link to solutions paragraph
      3. Paragraph 2 (Solutions+Summary+Link)
        1. Topic Sentence ("This paragraph outlines ....")
        2. Solution 1 + Details (e.g. "The first solution is 1" )
        3. Solution 2 + Details (e.g. "The second solution is 2" )
        4. Solution 3 + Details (e.g. "The third solution is 3" )
        5. Summary of Solutions 1+2+3 (e.g. "In summary there are three possible solutions - 1, 2, and 3 - of which only 2 is currently effective" )
        6. Summary for Section optional: ("This section looked at problems and solutions" is boring). Drop it or be creative. No link either
  5. Section 5: Conclusion ( 1 paragraph)
    1. Subheading: Conclusion (12pt bold)
    2. Topic Sentence (Essay Thesis Statement, in new words)
    3. Summary.
      1. DO NOT write a summary like your previous essays ("In summary there are three... of which...three... of which...three.. of which...three...of which...") it will sound terrible.
      2. Be creative. Try to summarize your whole essay in one sentence. You can drop the solutions for now, and use them in your final comment instead.
      3. e.g. "In sumary, while many refugees are experiencing SECTION 2 THEME, the problems experienced by asylum seekers in Japan have more to do with SECTION 3 THEME."
    4. write a final comment sentence One for neighbouring countries, one for Japan e.g. "People who want to help should do two things. To help refugees in camps in NEIGHBOURING COUTRY NAME, they should... At the same time, to improve conditions for asylum seekers in Japan, they should"

Style

See the sheets from previous essays.

This is essentally a double Problem-Solution paragraphs, plus an extended time order.