Research - Skill - Interviews

Malc Prentice

Interviews

Types

Data type

Materials

Procedure

A summary of the below needs to go in the "Procedure" section of your "Methods" section

Before the interview

At the beginning of the interview

Tell them

Start the interview

Useful language for while you are listening

FINISH the interview

OK, before we finish is there anything else?

質問は以上です。最後に何か言い残したことはありませんか?

Thanks. Do you have any questions? Any comments?

ありがとうございました。何かほかに質問はありませんか?今後のより良い調査のために何かアドバイスをいただけませんか?

OK, I will send you a copy of the transcript by 〇〇. Thank you for your kindness.

では、〇〇日までに今回協力していただいた調査の内容を書面でお送りします。

ご協力ありがとうございました。

Tips

DO NOT

After the interview

Transcription

Interviews must be converted to text before you can analyse them.

This is called "transcription"

What should I type?

Transcribe = "to write down exactly what people say", including:

Repetitions I like like dogs better than cats
Fillers I um like dogs better than uhh cats
Contractions I like dogs better'n cats
Mistakes I likes dogs more better than cats
Restarts I like dogs/I like dogs better than cats
Truncations I li- like dogs better than cats
Pauses I like … cats better than …dogs
Missing bits I like [inaudible] better than cats
Uncertain bits I like [?]
Other bits I like [loud noise from kitchen] …uh hold on
Emphasis I like cats but not dogs

Some research types (Discourse analysis, conversation analysis) also mark:

Pause length I like [:5] cats better than dog
Non-verbal I like [scratches nose] cats better than dog
Overlaps A: I like dogs. [And I like cats]
B:-_________________[How about cats.] Oh you do? Me too

Pseudonyms

Numbering

Each line needs to have the student's pseudonym ("Bob") and a line number (1,2,3), because otherwise when you do a cut and sort analysis you won't know what comes from where.

Check the Shared Materials Folder for the transcription blank

Tips