Research - write good survey questions
This is for do a survey
Types of questions
There are lots of question types, more than just "closed" and "open", including:
- Multiple choice / Likert
- Always/Usually/Sometimes/Not usually/Never
- Every day/A few times a week / ONce a month / Once a year / Never
- Short answer
- WHere are you from?
- How old are you?
- Long answer
- Can you tell me a little about
- Why did you decide to
- Facts (How often) vs opinions (What do you think)
- Past, present and future
- Look at this list. Which do you use?
- What were you doing when this was photo was taken?
- I'm going to pause the video here. Can you tell me why you decided to change the class activity?
There are a lot more.
What kinds of questions are best for our project?
Why are these bad questions?
- Do you enjoy dyadic interaction in your ESP class?
- In which ways have you and which ways have you not changed the way you teach based on your experience as a learner and as someone who lives in a foreign country?
- What would be the best way to learn Japanese for a Canadian student?
- What wouldn’t you avoid doing if you were not in Japan?
- How much do you weigh?
- How much homework do you do every night?
- When did you stop stealing bicycles?
- Do you agree that punishing students, when done by a good teacher, is a good thing?
- How much time do you spend on the internet: 5-10 hours per week, 2-5 hours per week, 0-2 hours per week
Principles of Question Writing
Can you match any of the above questions to the problems below?
- Don't use words your participant doesn't know.
- Avoid double questions
- Don't ask participants to guess what other people might think
- Don't ask participants about topics they don't know
- No double negatives
- Be careful with embarassing questions
- Be careful with questions where participant might want to impress or give "right" answer
- “How many books have you read?”
- “How many have you had time to read?”
- Be careful with multiple choice - they need to cover everything and not overlap
- Avoid loaded questions (questions with no escape - a "bang" in both ends)
- Avoid leading questions (questions that show what answer you want)
- Add check questions “How many books did you read last week?”
Types of questions
- OPEN questions
- (When you don’t know what people do or how they will answer)
- e.g. What is your favourite band?
- CLOSED questions
- (when it is yes/no, or a small range of choice)
- e.g. Do you prefer salmon or tuna?
- How many/how often/where/when + abcd choice