Resources - take the TOEFL iBT - 5 - Integrated writing


Read a passage

Listen to a lecture on the same topic

20 mins to type an answer


See TOEFL Integrated essay

General Tips


YOu are scored on

Arrangement and Style


Thesis Statement options without outline

Sometimes you can give a definition before the thesis statement

Thesis Statement options with outline (be careful!)

Keyword sentences

These are your paragraph topic sentences if you have more than 1 paragraph.

Contrast sentences

"The reading states X however, the listening notes that Y"

Great! But don't use it 3 times in the essay.


1 and 3 have been checked against ETS "perfect score" responses.

Short 1 paragraph

The lecture completely refutes the passage. Contrary to the statement in the passage that READING1, the professor says that LISTENING1. The lecture also refutes the idea that READING2. In fact, LISTENING2. The professor also offers a different perspective on READING3. She says that LISTENING3.

Longer 1 paragraph

Despite claims in the reading that READINGTHESIS, in fact LISTENINGTHESIS. While the reading states that READINGTHESIS, the lecture says that this is not the case. The reading argues that R1, however the lecturer notes that L1. The second argument in the reading is that R2. The lecture contradicts this, noting L2. Finally, the reading states R3. The lecture on the other hand argues that L3. Because of the above reasons, it is doubtful that READING THESIS. In fact, it could SUMMARYLISTENING.

3 paragraph

  1. The reading passage talked about READINGTHESIS. It said that READING1. However, the listening said that LISTENING1.
  2. Another reason why READINGTHESIS is READING2. LISTENING2.
  3. Finally, the reading said that READING3. LISTENING3. Because of the above reasons, it is doubtful that READING THESIS. In fact, it could SUMMARYLISTENING. (30-40 words)

5 paragraph template

  1. Intro (30-40 words)
    1. General Background
    2. Thesis: The passage introduced three reasons why READINGTHESIS: A, B and C. However, the lecture disagreed.
  2. Body Paragraph (50-80 words)
    1. Topic sentence - "This paragraph looks at the first point, KEYWORD"
    2. Summary of reading - "The article said/claimed that SUMMARY"
    3. SUmmary of listening - "However, the lecture disagreed, and instead suggested that.
  3. Body Paragraph (50-80 words)
    1. Topic sentence - "The second point covered in these materials, KEYWORD"
    2. Summary of reading - "The reading passage noted that SUMMARY"
    3. SUmmary of listening - "However, the lecture suggested instead that.
  4. Body Paragraph (50-80 words)
    1. Topic sentence - "The last point of disareement was KEYWORD"
    2. Summary of reading - "The author of the article described SUMMARY"
    3. SUmmary of listening - "However, the lecture was dubious about this, instead pointing out that. (50-80 words)
  5. Conclusion
    1. In summary, this set of materials presented contradictory points of view on TOPIC.
    2. Overall, the reading was OVERALL KEYWORDS SUMMARY while the listening was OVERALL KEYWORD SUMMARY
    3. As such, FUZZY CONCLUSION (30-40 words)



The following is an example from Longman - the Homeschooling listening is on page 334 in the new (white) edition, but the below was based on the purple book (not sure if it's different).

1) Do the listening and reading yourself first

2) Check your notes against mine (below)

3) Use the templates above to do your own version.

4) I will check it and give you a "perfect score" example to look at.

Reading Notes

  1. BACKGROUND: Homeschooling becoming more popular.
  2. DEFINITION: Homeschooling is:
    1. keep children out of traditional classes
    2. (traditional = 1 teacher-20/30 children)
    3. parents educate kids at home
  3. TS: Homeschooling not good
    1. Reason 1- not learn as much
      1. trad. schools - must learn huge amount of material
      2. home = no requirement to master X before moving to new level
    2. Reason 2 - Less social interaction
      1. parents and a few brothers/sisters only
    3. Reason 3 - Less broad curriculum. Trad. sch have:
      1. more established curriculum
      2. more variety of subjects

Listening Notes

  1. TS: not true - part of panel - disagree
  2. IDEA 1 not proven that learn less
    1. many studies proved learn far more
  3. IDEA 2 lots of interaction -
    1. parents arrange it with other homeschooled children
    2. could be MORE interaction, as can happen any time
  4. IDEA 3 Variety of curriculum MORE
    1. because not limited by school boards, can teach anything
    2. e.g. astronomy, medicine, Chinese