A POSTER is a special kind of presentation done at conferences. You put up your poster in a room with other posters, and people visit.
Here is an example: (link)
Decide what kind of template you need
- A0 or A1? Landscape or Portrait?
- Research, Descriptive, or Artistic?
- How many columns?
Decide if it is a STAND-BESIDE or a STAND-ALONE poster
- Posters stay up for about an hour (lunchtime, break, special session)
- You stand near it all that time, then take it down
- Posters focus on keywords, figures (images, charts, etc).
- Don't steal images! Use these sources of free images and clipart
- Fonts are larger
- No one will read the poster when you are not there.
- Visitors will read it for about 30 seconds, then ask you a question.
- Often arranged artistically
- Posters stay up for 1-2 days
- You only stand beside the poster for a short time.
- Posters can have more text
- Fonts can be smaller
- Most people will read the poster when you are not there.
- Your job is to give EXTRA info when you're there.
- Visitors will read it for 2-3 minutes.
- Often arranged in a "rombun" pattern (Intro, Background, Methods, Results, Discussion, Reference)
Professional Templates here: (link)
- Use a scientific format, or be more creative (as long as it is clear)
Classroom examples and templates
See materials folder
- The normal size is A0 or A1
- Check before you make it "landscape" - not all conferences have wide boards
Fonts for posters
- Sans-serif (e.g. Arial) only. No Times New Roman.
- Title should be 90-200pt
- You should be able to read the section headings from about 2 meters away (36-54pt)
- You should be able to read the text easily from about 1 meter away (24-36pt)
- Stand-alone poster fons can go a little smaller - people stand closer..
- ...but no smaller than 18 point, and only if absolutely necessary
- Formal Section headings: use Bold Title Case
Software for posters
- Powerpoint is standard for templates
- Pages (Mac), Keynote(Mac), and Google Slides work in a pinch
- Pros use Adobe Illustrator, InDesign, or Photoshop, but only if you want to spend an hour googling "CMYK mode" and "bleeds"
- Choose the right page size
- Use one large A0 /A1 size slide for professional work
- Use multiple A4 slides for classroom posters.
- Be careful with images
- Take screenshots on a computer with a BIG monitor.
- Download LARGE images
- Zoom in to 150%. Is it fuzzy? Get a better image
- If it's not your image, cite the source!
- Keep figures simple - no shadows, 3D, grids
- Make sure the labels in tables/figures are also big enough to read
- Only PDFs are font-safe and universally accepted
- "Export" to a high-quality PDF for printing
- Don't worry if the PDF preview images look blurry - they might be too good for your preview software.
- Both glossy and matte look fine
- Paper weight
- Choose a thicker paper if possible
- more than 150 GSM (grams per square metre) becomes a bit springy and annoying
- International conference?
- If you have a spare day before the conference, print shops overseas are often cheaper and faster
- No need for fancy poster tubes - print shops have cheap/free tubes
Make it easy to go beyond the poster
- QR codes: emails and website addresses
- Goo.gl: shorten long links for those without QR scanners
- Handout: data, references, errors, contact
Style and Arrangement: Language for posters
- Note ENglish: keywords, not sentences.
- People usually spend a maximum 1 minute reading a poster. Then they ask a question or walk on.
- For stand-beside posters: Title, headings, bullet points, and figures only (anything else is wasted)
- For stand-alone: you need more (but keep it short). Stick a folder with handouts under the poster for more
- There should be a clear flow. Don't make me guess which section is next. Options include:
- Top to bottom (one or two columns)
- Left to right (one or two rows)
- Central image surrounded by additional information
- Otherwise, follow the style guide in the other sheet
- Have a friend proof-read it.
- If it's a professional poster, print a full size draft on cheap paper to check images
- Are you going to be carrying your poster? Get a tube or poster holder
- Are you going to be printing your poster at the conference? Book ahead or make sure you have enough time.
- More Reading: (link)
- Before you pounce on someone reading your poster, give them time to read
- Make sure you know how to attach it to the wall/board!
- For classroom posters, I will bring magnets
- For conferences, take tape. Blu-tack, pins, magnets may not work.
- Print A4 Powerpoint slides
- Slide count 9 or 12 is best
- grids will look better (3x3, 3x4)
- or title at top, followed by grid.
- One slide per paragraph, or one slide per point
- Title and References slide necessary. Overview optional
- These are "Stand-beside" style posters, so large fonts, no paragraphs, lots of images
- Colour is better
- Sticking them to an coloured A1 sheet will make it look better
- Don't forget tape/magnets
- Don't forget a "NOTES" copy with your extra information, answers to questions
1-2 mins: pin your poster to the board (3 students at a time)
2 mins: summarise your poster.
- don't talk abotu everything
- Basically, go through your conclusion paragraph (thesis, a little description, summary of sections, final comment)
- Give details on ONE problem and ONE solution only ("The most effective is X, which...")
3-4 mins: Answer questions from the other students
1-2 mins: take down your poster. Next group starts putting up posters
I will grade you on Delivery: Gestures, Eye contact, Voice
We will work on your poster in class
- We do several drafts, and the template is clear, so usually the slides are perfect.
- Minus points if you haven't made the suggested changes though
- We will practice presenting in class
- difficult part is remembering to continue eye contact, gestures, etc when answering questions.