Maybe you have given presentations before
- a school speech contest
- a 45s TOEFL presentation
We are NOT doing that style. We practice semi-formal business/academic style
- notes in one hand (rr, logs, research notes)
- small gestures for emphasis
- no script
- no podium
- sometimes poster or powerpoint
1) You will research something: Index - Invention
2) You will organise your ideas clearly Index - Arrangement
3) You will use clear English Index - Style
4) You will use notes and memory together ("Memory")
- for logs, handwriting notes OK
- for RR, type an outline,
- for advanced and 2nd years, either
5) You will practice eye contact, body language, and voice ("Delivery")
6) You will answer questions
7) You will get feedback
8) You will lead a short discussion after
9) You might make a powerpoint slideshow
For more on 1-5 (the "Canons of Rhetoric"), see below
If you are using Powerpoint:
- Email me a PPT or PPTX file at least a day before class.
- No thumbdrives!
- Name your file properly e.g. "Hiroko Sato-SSGB-Pres1.ppt"
- RR based:
- follow the RR templates.
- Just start "I read/listened to + TITLE"
- Project based
- see the example PPT templates
- Your thesis statement becomes sections
- Your paragraph keywords become slide titles.
- Your points become slide bullet points.
For Style, see give a clear presentation
- Scripts: Make your voice boring, ruins eye contact
- Memorize: Not usually used or possible in real world
- Notes: In real world (business, academic), people read from notes
- Keywords, not sentences
- Small notes (index cards) let you move both hands (don't shrink the font to fit though)
- Big notes (A4) - keep yout note hand still
- Powerpoint "Speaker View" is usually a bad idea
For slide delivery, see:
Remember there is more than one kind of delivery:
from notes or improvised
planned but not scripted
memorized or teleprompted
After the talk: Questions
First, ask questions for meaning
- Anything you don't understand
- Anything you want to know more about.
- Do NOT ask these boring, generic questions
- "Do you like X?"
- "What do you think about X?"
- "Why did you choose this topic?"
For graded talks, every listener must ask one question
- Can't (because you weren't listening)? = minus points.
- Stay awake! Take notes!
- Was the question too quiet for everyone to hear?
- repeat it louder
- "The question is ….."
- Keep speaking to everyone, not just the asker
- You are STILL BEING JUDGED ON DELIVERY
- If you don't know,
- it's ok!
- say "I will get back to you on that"
- If no-one asks, start yourself
- ("One question I'm often asked is…")
- Check: "Did that answer your question?"
Speakers: Control interruptions
- I'll come back to that later.
- I'll answer that in a moment
- I'll come to that in a minute
- If you could hold any questions for the end
After the talk: Feedback
See give good feedback
- Make a handout for the audience by printing your slides.
Double check your font size
there are many options (every slide, key slides, key slides with notes)