Study Skills - take notes on lectures
General tips for listening to lectures
Tips for listening to a lecture
- Read the description and the titles.
- Try to guess what the speaker will say
- Review what you already know about the topic - read your notes or just think
- If you have time, read something about the topic, and learn any special vocabulary.
- If you will have time later and it is important, record the talk on your phone
What to listen for.
You do not usually quote lectures, so you do not need to copy every word.
- Instead, use lectures to FIND and ORGANISE ideas. Listen for:
- Important links between things.
- Important agreements/disagreements
- Which ideas are old, and which are new
- The lecturer’s attitude to a topic. (You can disagree, but don’t ignore)
- Structure words so you know where you are in the lecture or if you have missed something
- First/Next/Finally/In conclusion/Last
- There are three reasons - A, B, and C
- Firstly, A
- Important causes and effects
- X is a result of Y
- Y, because X
- X causes Y
- Rhetorical question answers. Usually happens just before summary or overview. After phrases like:
- So, what happens when ....
- Now, what do we know about X? Well.....
- So, what would be an example of X? One example would be...
- What did we learn today? Well,...\
- Important TERMS and DEFINITIONS - write as X = Y
- X means DEFINITION
- X, which is DEFINITION
- X, that is when DEFINITION
- X, also called Y
- Examples - write as “e.g.”
- For example
- A second example is
- For instance
- The central/main/key point is
- In conclusion / To conclude
- What this means is...
- Important Authors / Books / Articles you should read next
- You should read
- You have to look at
- You need to write
- Read / Look at / Write
Taking notes on lectures
- Lectures are too fast and too hard to take 100% English notes
- Copy only short quotes in English.
- Take most notes as summary (paraphrase) in Japanese
- For your RR outline, type up your notes IN ENGLISH
- For reading log, handwritten Japanese/English notes are OK, but you will present IN ENGLISH, so take a note of any English words you will need
- Lectures are fast - use short-cuts when writing common words. For example
| "is" || =|
| "is not" || ≠|
| "number" || # |
| "and" || + |
Mind maps or Outlines?
|Outlines are better for reading. ||Maps are better for lectures,|
|Outlines are easy when you type. ||Maps are easier when you hand-write|
|Outlines are good for organised information |
lectures are usually not organised
|Maps are better with disorganised informtion |
e.g. if the speaker keeps switching topics
|Outlines are also for PLANNING essays. ||Maps are also good for GETTING IDEAS for essays|
OPTION: Try "Cornell" style
1) Draw the lines as shown (You can buy Cornell notebooks in Loft, there is a template in my folder)
2) Take notes in the right hand box
3) After class/lecture, write keywords to the left
4) After class lecture, write a summary in the middle
5) For my class, dont forget questions + APA (add them to the summary box.
6) Review: cover the middle and try to remember using the left column
7) For more info, see (link)