Style - signposting

Malc Prentice

Signposting says where you are in the essay, and what part of the essay you are talking about.

Where is this paragraph in the outline (topic sentence) "This paragraph looks at..."
Where did I come from? "The previous paragraph looked at..."
Where am I going? "The next paragraph"
Which point am I at? "The second problem is..."
Which way is your problems section? "As the problems section below will show..."

Basic signposting for short essays

Signposting BACK and FORWARD

Back and forward uses the same phrases.

The previous section described X.
The next section describes/will describe X.
In the previous paragraph , it was shown that X.
In the next paragraph , it will be shown that X.
As the previous chapter showed, X.
As the next chapter shows, X.
As shown in the previous section , X.
As shown in the next section , X.
As will be shown in the next section , X.
As was shown in the previous section , X.
As will be mentioned below , X.
As mentioned above , X.

This section has described X. The next section looks at
The previous section described X. This section instead looks at
The next section will describe X. First, however, this section will examine

Signposting a section number

The impact of X on Y is covered in section 3.4.
This will be returned to below in section 3.2
More about X is given in section 2.4.

Signposting and Signalling Specific Genres

Look at write a specific genre to learn more about the genre options

Curriculum for General Academic Skills under "organise your ideas clearly (Arrangement)"

*e.g. "While X is A, Y is B" useful for compare-contrast
*e.g. "The following day" useful for time order
*e.g. "The third reason" useful for for arguments
*e.g. "The second difference" useful for compare-contrast