Style - use cohesion

What is Cohesion?

Cohesion is when you use special English phrases to tell me:

This page is about signalling:

This an example sentence "For example, ..."
This is another example "A second example of this would be..."
This an effect "This is because..."
This a disagreeing response "However, ..."
THis is an agreeing response "In fact, ..."
This a another supporting point "Additionally, ..."
This is a summary "In summary, ..."
This is a new reason on same topic "Another reason X is a problem is that"

Basics: So, Or, But, Because, And

You could write an essay with just these (a boring one though).

Use them correctly! They JOIN sentences. Never do this:

Because works both ways, but be careful of the order

Giving an example (alternatives to "for example")

Adding another point: (alternatives to "Also")

Adding a detail to a point

Adding a clarification

Giving a reason (alternatives to "so")


Around 10% of Y are Z.
More than 7000 of Y are not Z.
Less than five of those Y are Z.
Approximately half Ys are Z.
Up to one third of Y could be Z.

Signal quote/research

Signal Importance

Signal Doubt or disagreement

Signal a Summary (Alternatives to "In summary")

Summaries that include the opposite viewpoint

Summary for time order paragraph

Summary for Solution paragraph

In summary, there are three possible solutions - A, B, and C -

Not in academic essays

Adding a sad/happy/unusual point

Spoken phrases

Other unacademic languuage. See follow academic conventions