Style - use gerunds and infinitives

Malc Prentice

Gerunds and Infinitives

When you use two verbs, you need to change the second one.

SOmetimes you need to add "ING"

OK: I suggested playing football

NO: I suggested to play football

Sometimes you need to add "TO"

OK: I wanted to play football

NO: I wanted playing football

Sometimes either way is OK

OK: I started to play

OK: I started playing

Other verbs like "suggested"

complete Xing

considered Xing

finish Xing

mind Xing

prefer Xing

enjoy Xing

Other verbs like "wanted to X"

agree to X

arrange to X

decide to X

hope to X

learn to X

need to X

want to X

Verbs where both OK, and the meaning is probably the same

started to X

started Xing

Verbs where both OK, and the meaning is probably different

stopped to X

stopped Xing

Be careful - some verbs are strange and add meaning

"made to X" = された

He was made to eat it 食べさせられた

I made him eat it 食べさせた