Useful language for cause-effect

#### Verb outcomes

X | , so | Y. |

X happens | , and so | Y happens. |

| . Therefore, | Y increases. |

| , and therefore | Y is getting worse |

| . Because of this, | Y gets worse |

| , and because of this | there is a change in Y |

| . Hence, | there is an increase in Y |

| , and hence, | |

| . As a result, | |

| , and as a result, | |

| . The result is that | |

| , and the result is that | |

| . One result of this is that | |

| . As a consequence, | |

| , and consequently, | |

| , and as a consequence, | |

| . Consequently | |

| . For this reason, | |

| , and for this reason, | |

| . Accordingly, | |

| Thus, | |

| , and thus, | |

| As such, | |

#### Noun/ING outcomes

X | . This leads to | Y |

X happens | . The outcome is | Y happening |

| . This results in | Y increasing |

| , and this results in | Y getting worse |

| , which results in | a change in Y |

| . The result is that | an increase in Y |

| . The results is | etc |

| This leads to | |

| , and this leads to | |

#### Cause

X | causes | Y |

| . This causes | Y to get worse |

| leads to | a change in Y |

| results in | an increase in Y |

#### Alternatives to "because"

(X causes Y, but Y is written first)

- Y because X
- Y. The main reason for this is X
- Y is the result of X
- Y, resulting from X, causes Z
- X. This impacts Y in that Z happens
- Among the factors that contribute to Y are X1, X2, and X3
- Y happened, as X had happened
- Y happens owing to X
- Y happens due to X

#### Something SHOULD have an effect but doesn't

- X. Despite that, Y
- Despite X, Y.
- X, still Y
- X, but still, Y
- nevertheless
- Nonetheless, Y
- X. Nevertheless, Y
- X. Nonetheless, Y
- X yet Y

#### You can use "Time Order" language

- Another result is,
- This subsequently results in...
- The second effect of this is...
- (see write a time-order )

#### Purpose

(for animals or things with purpose)

- X does Y so as to do Z
- X happens so that Y can happen
- X does Y for the purpose of Z
- X does Y with the intention of Z
- X does Y in the hope that Z
- X does Y in case Z
- X does Y in order to

#### Failure of cause

- X leads to Y unless Z
- X leads to Y except in cases where Z
- X leads to Y, provided that Z doesn't happen
- X leads to Y only when Z is not the case