Style - Describe Figures and Tables
- A table is a square box full of numbers.
- A figure is anything else: picture, graph, map, photo, diagram, etc.
- I will show you how to make these in class
- For the APA rules for formatting Tables and Figures, see Invention manuals
- For Word formatted examples, see “Style - using Figures and Tables.docx” in the shared materials folder. Ask me for the link.
This page is about style - the language you use in the text when you refer to Tables and Figures.
|Name the Fig/Table||verbs||Optional Time phrase for change||situation/change phrase|
|As Figure 1 above||shows||over the last 5 years||X was Y.|
|As shown in Figure 1,||illustrates||, in the last two days||X has become Y.|
|As the chart above,||describes||recently||X is increasing.|
|As Table 3||indicates||between 2007 and 2009||X increased.|
|As the graph below||suggests||in 2008||X was increasing.|
|As seen in Table 2||,|
- For more “change” phrases, see [[Style - describing change]]
- Try “drawing attention” phrases, usually with an adjective
- (“The most interesting result can be seen in the X column, which shows that Y”)
- comparative phrases (X is less common than Y)
- superlative phrases (X is the least common)
- Other useful styles (these are worksheets, I’ll add links later)
- write a cause-effect sentence about what it means (“The result of this is”)
- write a compare-contrast sentence (“While in Fig. 1…, Fig 2 shows that”)
- write a partition sentence (“There are three main points visible in this graph”)
- use hedging to cast doubt on the reliability of the data
- use summary or summary-response pattern
- write a time-order sentence to describe a change graph in more detail
- Visit http://www.gapminder.org/videos/
- Choose a graph. Describe it to your partner to draw.