Use title case
Title case is when you give the important words in a title a capital letter (大文字)
Example of cases
- this sentence is all in lower case (小文字)
- THIS SENTENCE IS ALL IN UPPER CASE (大文字)
- This Sentence is in Title Case
- This sentence is in sentence case
Two Title Case. Two sentence case. Which is which?
- The Impact of Chocolate on Homework by University Students
- The impact of chocolate on homework by university students
- Reading all of Harry Potter Improves Your TOEIC Score.
- Reading all of Harry Potter improves your TOEIC score.
What are the rules?
Capitalize important words:
- (大文字) = Nouns, Verbs, Adjectives, Adverbs, and Long Words (>4 letters)
- (小文字) = and, or, not, but, a, an, the, as, at, by, for, in, of, on, to, if, do, will, do be, can, had etc.
Important! “No title case” doesn’t mean “ all lower case”
- Names, cities don’t change
- e.g. Harry Potter and the philosopher’s stone
- e.g. The impact of climate change on London
- First letter is still capital letters
- First letter after a colon: Also a capital
- Acronyms (TOEIC, UK, USA, UNESCO, UNICEF) don’t change
When do I use Title Case?
- The title of your essay (ABC)
- The title of your RR homework
- Subtitles in an essay
- In the references section
- This is complicated
- See Invention - References General Rules
- But basically, only for Magazine, Newspaper, Website names (i.e. CONTAINERS of articles. Not for normal books or for article titles.