What is a thesis statement (TS)?
- A thesis statement gives the topic, and the main idea of your essay, or section. It’s like a topic sentence, but while the topic sentence STARTS a PARAGRAPH, a thesis statement usually ENDS an INTRO and says what you will be reading for the rest of the text.
THesis statements in first year essays
- I will give you easy copy-paste patterns. This page is for more advanced projects.
IN general, for any thesis statement:
- name your TOPIC (penguins)
- name your MAIN IDEA (verbs saying what your essay SAYS about the topic
- This essay gives three reasons penguins are experiencing problems
- This essay outlines three stages in penguin evolution
- This essay describes how to feed a penguin in three steps
- This essay compares two types of penguin
- MAYBE give a keyword list of contents
- in terms of X, Y, and Z.
- : X, Y, and Z.
- - X, Y, and Z.
A formal thesis statement is NOT:
- Not a title
Study Abroad: Good or Bad?
- Not about you
I will introduce Study Abroad
- Not a definition
Study Abroad is learning overseas
- Not too big
This essay describes ALL Study Abroad types
This essay argues study abroad is good
Here are some patterns you can follow
Pattern 1: “This + VERB”
|This||Verb||Topic phrase||Keywords (optional)|
|This section||clarifies||what X means for Y||, in terms of 1, 2, and 3|
|This essay||explores||X in detail||, in terms of|
|This paragraph||describes||the link between X and Y|
|outlines||how X works|
|investigates||how X is made||in three steps|
|examines||the process of Xing your|
|summarizes||the impact of X on Y||as it pertains to|
|reviews||how X can cause Y|
|looks at||three problems caused by X||: 1, 2, and 3.|
|argues||that the best way to X is||because of 1, 2, and 3.|
|proposes||that the best X is Y|
|suggests||that X is better than Y||for three reasons:|
|looks at||why X should Y|
|OTHER VERB||why X should Y|
|compares||X and Y in three ways||in three ways: 1, 2, and 3|
|contrasts||X with Y in terms of||in terms of 1, 2, and 3|
Pattern 2: Paragraphs are verbs (good for longer essays)
Use “first…then…and finally”
- This essay
- first describes X
- then examines three problems X causes
- , and finally outlines some possible solutions.
- This essay
- first describes how X and Y are similar,
- then looks at how they are different
- , and finally chooses one.
Pattern 3: This TYPE + NOUN
|This TYPE||IS/OFFERS a NOUN||Main Idea||Keywords (optional)|
|This dissertation||is an attempt to clarify||what X means for Y||, in terms of 1, 2, and 3|
|This project||is an exploration of||X in detail||etc.|
|This study||is an attempt to outline||how X works|
|This article||is an investigation of||how X is made|
|This paper||offers an examination of||the process of Xing your Y|
|This essay||offers a description of||the link between X and Y|
|This section||is a summary of||the impact of X on Y|
|This paragraph||is a review of||how X can cause Y|
Pattern 4: number and a colon
Don’t forget the colon! You’re introducing a list of keywords. This paragraph |reviews |three ways that X can cause Y |: 1, 2, and 3 This chapter |looks at |three problems caused by X |: 1, 2, and 3. This presentation |gives |three reasons why X is the best Y |: 1, 2, and 3.
Pattern 5: Passive
In this essay/paragraph/ X is described/clarified/explored/outlined.
In the current study it is proposed that X can be used to identify Y
- “The aim” - remember to change the verb from describe
- The aim of this essay is to describe/compare/analyse
Putting limits on the Thesis Statement
Language in this section suggested by previous students
in the field of X - - - - > Xの分野で This section looks at research in the field of English language acquisition
It is beyond the scope of this paper to ~ - - - - > することはこの論文の範囲を超えている. It is beyond the scope of this paper to illustrate the influence of learning history on reading skill
Specifically, X is discussed. - - - - > 特にXが議論される。 Specifically, the impact of extensive listening is discussed with reference to how it impacts reading.
- Keywords can go in a different sentence (if they are long)
- Same sentence
- This essay compares the approach of two car makers to the Chinese market - Mitsubishi and Suzuki.
- This article describes how to make great muffins without butter, in three steps - preparing, cooking, and decorating.
- This essay argues that studying abroad has both good and bad points, as while it increases level, it also interferes with study and job hunting.
- Different sentence
- This essay compares the approach of two car makers to the Chinese market. The companies described are Mitsubishi and Suzuki.
- This article describes how to make great muffins without butter. There are three steps - preparing, cooking, and decorating.
- This essay argues that studying abroad has both good and bad points. While it increases level, it also interferes with study and job hunting,